rough

I UK [rʌf] / US adjective
Word forms "rough":
adjective rough comparative rougher superlative roughest
***
1) with a surface that is not smooth

The walls were built of dark rough stone.

Hessian provides warm colour and a rough homespun texture.

a) used about the surface of a lake, river, or sea that has a lot of waves, often because the weather is bad

Rough seas prevented rescuers from approaching the ship.

b) used about land and roads that are difficult to travel on

They covered the 30 miles of rough terrain in record time.

2) informal difficult and with a lot of problems

I had a rough day at the office.

a rough time:

You've been through rough times, you know what it is like.

a rough patch (= a difficult period):

They were going through a rough patch in their relationship.

a rough night (= a night when you cannot sleep):

I feel terrible – I had a rough night last night.

3) not gentle

Don't be so rough with her, James. She's only a baby.

4) a rough place is not pleasant because there is a lot of crime or violence there

Madeline grew up in a rough neighbourhood.

That's a pretty rough bar.

5) a rough drawing or piece of writing is not completely finished

This is a rough drawing of the house I want to build.

rough draft:

Here is a rough draft for you to read.

a) used about an object that is not made very well, or is not completely finished

The customers sat at rough wooden tables.

b) a rough idea or guess is not detailed or exact

I don't know the precise cost, but I can give you a rough idea.

6) a rough voice is not soft and is unpleasant to listen to
7) British informal if someone feels rough, they do not feel well
See:
roughly

Derived word:
roughness
noun uncountable
II UK [rʌf] / US verb
Word forms "rough":
present tense I/you/we/they rough he/she/it roughs present participle roughing past tense roughed past participle roughed Phrasal verbs:
III UK [rʌf] / US noun
Word forms "rough":
singular rough plural roughs
1) [singular] the part of a golf course where the grass is tall and not cut
2) [countable] a piece of writing or a drawing that is not finished

IV UK [rʌf] / US adverb
Word forms "rough":
comparative rougher superlative roughest

sleep/live roughBritish if you sleep or live rough, you sleep or live outside

An increasing number of young people are sleeping rough in London.


English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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